Like most physicians, Cincinnati’s Dr. Naveed Fazlani has seen a large number of diabetes mellitus patients over his fifteen years in practice. Those diabetes mellitus diagnoses, Dr. Naveed Fazlani says, have fallen into several different categories. Since the various types of diabetes mellitus can be confusing, Dr. Naveed Fazlani is quick to explain to patients the difference.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus can have more severe symptoms than type 2, according to Dr. Naveed Fazlani. Usually diagnosed in children, teens, and younger adults, type 1 diabetes mellitus is present when no insulin is being produced. Dr. Naveed Fazlani explains that in the case of type 1 diabetes mellitus, the body’s immune system attacks the beta cells, which are produced by the pancreas. Insulin shots are required for the patient’s survival in type 1 diabetes mellitus, so diagnosis is critical.
Dr. Naveed Fazlani sees type 2 diabetes more commonly in adults. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body isn’t producing enough insulin. This is by far the most common type of diabetes mellitus, Dr. Naveed Fazlanisays, accounting for ninety percent of all diabetes mellitus cases. In Type II diabetes, diet and lifestyle modifications may help reduce symptoms, but in some cases insulin shots are necessary, adds Dr. Naveed Fazlani.
Gestational diabetes, according to Dr. Naveed Fazlani, manifests during pregnancy and may be a precursor to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dr. Naveed Fazlani has seen many cases where diabetes mellitus is present only during pregnancy, but he cautions that is not always the case. Gestational diabetes, explains Dr. Naveed Fazlani, occurs when the abundance of hormones present blocks the ability to produce insulin. Patients at increased risk of gestational diabetes are those who have diabetes mellitus in their family history and those who were overweight prior to becoming pregnant. Dr. Naveed Fazlani says modifications in diet and exercise are usually made and, in extreme circumstances, insulin may be necessary.
In all cases, symptoms may include increased thirst and appetite, fatigue, blurry vision, and weight loss. While these symptoms may not in and of themselves indicate diabetes mellitus, Dr. Naveed Fazlani acknowledges, it is important to seek medical attention if you have concerns. If untreated, diabetes mellitus can cause blindness, loss of limbs, and even death, Dr. Naveed Fazlani says. Early diagnosis is key to preventing permanent damage.
Dr. Naveed Fazlani reassures his patients that diabetes mellitus testing is quick, easy, and can be done in-office. The generally preferred method of diabetes mellitus testing involves a fasting blood glucose test, Dr. Naveed Fazlani explains, which is usually done in the morning, after at least eight hours of fasting by the patient. A second test may be necessary to confirm results, Dr. Naveed Fazlani concludes.
Dr. Naveed Fazlani has been recognized by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) for providing quality care to his patients with diabetes. NCQA is a private, non-profit organization dedicated to improving health quality. The organization’s Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®) is the most widely used performance measurement in health care. For more information or to contact Dr. Naveed Fazlani, visit www.naveedfazlani.com